What is NDM-1 Bacteria?
NDM-1 is a metallo-beta-lactamase enzyme named controversially after “New Delhi,” as this city was once presumed to be the source of this dangerous enzyme. The source of this enzyme was later disputed and it has subsequently been suggested that geographical locations should not be associated with organism names.
The NDM-1 enzyme is actually produced by certain bacteria, and can enable other bacteria, like E. coli, to become resistant to many antibiotics, thus making infections difficult to treat. (E. coli and K. pneumoniae are just two examples of such bacteria). NDM-1 is spread by direct and indirect contact with an infected person (by touching them or by touching something that they’ve contaminated). Medical tourism (having cheaper operations abroad) and international travel have also been suggested as a cause of the rapid spread of NDM-1 associated infections.